Organic Farming in India. Organic Farming Principles, Features, Processing of Organic food and benefits of Organic Farming.
Organic farming is a holistic production and direction system which promotes & enhances agro-eco-organization health with biodiversity, biological cycles & soil biological activity.
Introduction to Organic Farming
Organic Farming emphasizes the use of management exercise in preference to the use of on-farm inputs. This is skilled with agronomic, biological & mechanical methods, as opposed to using synthetic substance materials to fulfill any specific use within the system”.
- In 1980, the Agriculture Department released a landmark account of organic farming. The report defined organic farming as a yield system, which avoids or largely excludes the big use of synthetic organic fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators, and livestock feed additives.
- Organic farming systems largely depend on crop rotating motion, crop residues, animal manures, green manures, off-farm organic wastes, mechanical cultivation, mineral bearing stone and expression of biological control to maintain land productivity, provision food and to control insects, pathogens, and weeds. “Organic farming is an output system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystem, and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycle adapted to local weather condition, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects.
- Organic farming combines means of innovation, tradition, and science to welfare the shared environment and promotes fair relationship and a good quality of life for all involved.”— IFOAM.
Organic Farming in India
The growth of organic farming in India has three dimensions and is being adopted by a farmer for different reasons.
- The first family of organic Farmer are those which are situated in no-input or low-input use zones, for them organic is a way of lives and they are doing it as a tradition.
- The second family of farmers are those which have recently adopted the organic in the Wake Island of complaint effects of conventional farming, may be in the form of reduced soil fertility, food toxicity or increasing monetary value and diminishing return
- The third is the comprised of farmers and enterprises which have systematically adopted the commercial organic farming to fit emerging public market opportunities and insurance premium prices. The majority of farmers from the first family are being traditional (or by default) organic they are not certified, second category farmers comprised of both certified and uncertified but the majority of third category farmers are certified.
- Natural plant nutrition
- Natural pest management
Some Outstanding Features of India Organic Growth:
- India is the largest Organic Cotton plant grower with more than 50% share
- With 1.2 million ha cultivated land India is the country of largest cultivated area under organic farming
- There is 8.0 million ha wild harvest collection area India is single largest country.
- India produces broad range of commodities
Processing of organic Food Items
- 75% of Tea, coffee, and spices are being processed
- More than 75% of organic cotton is processed
- 50% of fruits and vegetable are processed
- Remaining items are not processed as organic products. At the most, they are dried and powdered
Benefits of Organic Farming In India
- Healthy Foods
- Improvement in Soil Quality
- Increased Crop Productivity and Income
- Low Incidence of Pests
- Employment Opportunities
- Indirect Benefits
The organic farm is also a sustainable and environmentally friendly production method, which has particular advantages for small-scale farmer. Available evidence indicates the appropriateness of organic farming for small farmers in developing countries like India. Organic farming contributes to poverty easement and solid food security by a combining of many lineaments, such as;
- Increasing yields in the low-stimulus surface area;
- Conserving bio-diversity and natural resources on the farm and in the surrounding area;
- Increasing income and/or reducing costs;
- Producing safe and varied food;
- Being sustainable in the long term.
The broad objectives of organic farming in India
- Sustainable farming
- Increasing farming production
- Food self-sufficiency
- Environmental protection
- Conservation of natural resources
- Rural development
What is traditional farming?
Agrochemical has been used in a large ordered series only since the 1960s. Therefore, farming community of interests which have not been influenced by the so-called “Green Revolution ” automatically meet the most important criteria of organic farming, i.e. the non-use of any chemical fertilizer, pesticides, and genetically modified organisms. These systems are referred to as “Traditional Husbandry”.
OF– principles (IFOAM)
The International Federation for Organic Farming Movement’s (IFOAM) definition of Organic farming is based on:
- The principle of health
- The principle of ecology
- The principle of fairness and
- The principle of care
Organic Farming helps to maintain and enhance the health of soil, plant, animal, human and planet as one and inseparable.
Organic Farming is based on existing ecological systems and cycles, work with them, follow them and help maintain them.
Organic Farming is built on relationships that make certain justice with regard to the common environment and life opportunities.
Organic Farming should be managed in a precautionary and responsible manner to protect the health and well being of current and outlook generations and the environment.
Although, commercial message organic farming with its precise worth assurance system is a new marketplace controller, consumer-centric farming system earth over, but it has grown almost twenty-five -30% per year during last 10 years.
In spite of recession fears, the growing of organic is going unchanged. The special movement started with developed world is gradually picking up in rising country. But the condition is still intense in developed and most wealthy countries. Local painkilling demand for organic food is growing. India is balanced for faster ontogenesis with growing domestic market. The success of the organic movement in India depends upon the growth of its own domestic grocery store.
India has traditionally being a country of organic farming, but the growth of modern scientific, input signal concentrated farming has pushed it to the wall. But with the increasing awareness about the safety and quality of foods, long-term sustainability of the system and accumulating grounds of being equally productive, the organic farming has emerged as an alternative system of farming which not only deals with the quality and sustainability concerns but also ensures a debt-free, profitable livelihood choice.
In this way, we try to cover in & out about organic farming in India, we will keep on updating this article with more detail. if you have more information on same, we request you to share about topic organic farming in India.